April 10, 2021

Interdisciplinary Discourse

Forum for KU Academics

Biotechnology: Boon to Humans

– Dhurva Gauchan
The science of biotechnology is an amalgamation of biological sciences and technology. Biotechnology is the youngest of the sciences and is increasing in knowledge at an unprecedented rate. It is the fastest growing technical discipline and has probably gained more information per year than any other field of science. Advances in biotechnology even outpace new developments in computer science. Because of the rapid advance, biotechnology is called a revolutionary science that literally challenges the ability of people to keep up with an understanding of applications in society. In 21st century, no one can anticipate better life without the use of biotechnology because of its versatile applications in all the branches of science. 
There is always a big question why biotechnology is popular  among the advanced biological sciences in the world. It is popular because of its broad spectrum application which encompasses the day to day requirements of human race such as agriculture, dairy, forestry, pharmaceutical, fermentation, environment and medical science. Its interdisciplinary nature makes  it more acceptable by the scientists and ordinary men as well. 
The global population, which numbered approximately 1.6 billion in 1900, has surged to more than 6 billion and is expected to reach 10 billion by 2030. There is an estimation that world food production will have to double on existing farmland if it is to keep pace with the anticipated population growth. Biotechnology can help meet the ever-increasing need by increasing yields, decreasing crop inputs such as water and fertilizer, and providing pest control methods that are more compatible with the environment. 
Biotechnology has immense scope in agriculture, dairy industries, medical and health care in Nepal, especially in crop improvement that could be a great contribution for the inhabitants of the outlying areas. Nepal is exponentially rich in natural resources and biodiversity. Its flora and fauna has great potential to serve the humanity. 
Our country faces problems regarding biotech expertise and all the necessary facilities needed for carrying out quality research works. Nepali scientists from home and overseas can do collaborative industry-based research projects. Lucrative government policies can attract the international biotechnology companies/ donor agencies for investment. We are very rich in natural resources but our labor is inexpensive.

I may dream in daylight but I could not leave the hope to draw the very lavish picture of establishment of biotechnology in Nepal. We can drag the success and make our dream come true if we get the brain gain. Well trained Nepali scientists from all over the world must yoke in the same platform for the noble cause. Private companies and government of Nepal collectively put their collective efforts to pave the way for the upliftment of Biotechnology. Industrialists from Nepal should take sincere interests to fund  the innovative ideas of scientists for production of biotech products.

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